There are many wrong ways to study in the world. Perhaps one of the reasons is that schools don’t teach students how to study, but I think the school itself is too inflexible about science.
Even when new scientific research reveals meaningful learning methods (or meaningless study), it’s hard to reflect them.
Even if school education is bad, it takes too long to change it. So, I want students to learn effective study methods and make a difference to others. In addition, adults have no choice but to learn a scientifically correct way of studying and learn more in the future because they regret that the way they learned at school was wrong.
- A method of study that has been scientifically disproved
A method of study that has been scientifically disproved
The Center for American Progress (CAP) has surveyed 3000 teachers and students on how much they believe in learning methods that have already been scientifically denied.
By the way, the CAP is a think tank that also formulates policies for the president.
The study reveals a number of ways that many people study incorrectly.
Examples of Wrong Study Methods
*Each person has his own learning style, so you should use it. (For example, some people remember better when they hear the sound, while others remember better when they see the image.)
*Reading textbooks is more important than solving problems.
*to read a textbook over and over again
*Place a mark where it is important
Mistake – 1: Personalized learning
According to the survey, 90% of the respondents believed that it is important to choose a learning style that is suitable for each individual. The study method (For example, it’s better to learn with your ears or focus on reading.), which attempts to change the study style according to individuals, is scientifically denied. And yet, in the United States, 90% of people believed it.
Mistake – 2: Praise and Grow
The study found that 71% of teachers believed it was important to praise students for their cleverness and motivate them, which is also scientifically incorrect. Various studies have shown that praising a child for intelligence is ineffective. This is true not only for teachers but also for parents.
A better scientific method is for teachers and parents to check the process of learning and the efforts that lead to results. In other words, you should praise the process. If an adult praises a child for his or her ability such as intelligence, the child misunderstands that he or she doesn’t have to work hard. As a result, children stop studying and their progress stops. But as many as 71% of adults believed in praising their cleverness.
Mistake – 3: Quiz-style learning has no effect
Some people say the quiz style of study has no effect. Nearly 60% said quiz-style learning had no effect. However, the most effective way to learn is quiz-style learning. In other words, it’s important to make sure you remember what you studied by solving problems.
Mock exams and tests (the process by which you recall your inputs) are far more important than reading textbooks over and over. Human memories take hold when we remember something we’re forgetting rather than when we input it.
So it’s important to practice remembering. By doing so, what you have learned will take root in your memory and become practical knowledge.
Mistake – 4: You should review before you forget.
It is often said that review should be done before you forget what you studied, but this is also a mistake. From a scientific point of view, it’s better to forget about it before reviewing. When we try to remember something, memory takes hold for a long time. So it’s better to review what you’re forgetting or what you’ve forgotten.
Other than studying, the knowledge that you had trouble remembering should remain in your head. The pain and frustration of remembering is what keeps memories in the brain for a long time.
Mistake – 5: You should read the text over and over again.
Repeated reading of the text has no effect. Rereading text over and over is a passive learning method. If you don’t learn actively, your memory won’t take root.
So it’s better to create your own review questions than to reread the text. For example, you can use a word book or flash card.
Mistake – 6: You should put a marker on the important part you want to remember.
There is no point in putting a marker on an important sentence in a book. It’s better to rephrase your understanding in your own words.
You can write it in the book. In my case, I organize the sections I want to remember in my own words and record them on my iPhone. If you record the number of pages of a book, you can look back at the book later. In this way, it is scientifically said that it is much more efficient to organize what you want to remember in your own words.